Most Common Transmission Problems
Many know that a car's transmission is crucial to the workings of an automobile. It can send power from the engine to the drive wheels through a series of gears. Its proper function can keep the car working for a long time. If not, disaster can occur if not properly maintained.
Many transmission problems may result from the improper maintenance of it. These transmission problems can affect a lot of the service life of the car if they become serious, which may even result in the need for repair, such that the transmission will have to be removed with the use of a jack. Thus, learning these common problems can be very important down the road. Should your transmission ever suffer a problem, being familiar with some of the most common transmission issues out there will help you diagnose and obtain help for the type of transmission repair you will need.
Low Fluid & Leaks
Low levels of transmission fluid or a transmission fluid leak is the most common transmission problem a driver could potentially face. Low fluid levels are usually caused by a leak somewhere in your transmission, sometimes in the pan. Occasionally a transmission gasket may need to be replaced to stop a leak, the seals may be faulty, and sometimes the transmission fluid just gets contaminated.
Low fluid level symptoms usually include slow shifting or gear slippage. If fluid is just old or contaminated, the fluid will need to be flushed and refilled; regardless, you'll need to make a trip to your transmission repair shop to take care of business.
The solenoid is responsible for the flow of transmission fluid throughout your car. The solenoid is most often damaged due to low fluid levels and the occasional electronic problem. If your transmission is slipping and you can't identify a leak, it's most likely due to solenoid damage. A good mechanic knows that if you're not dealing with a leak, the next place that should be checked is your solenoid. If your mechanic doesn't make this suggestion, it's time to find a new transmission repair shop.
Torque Converter Issues
Torque converter issues can cause multiple transmission problems, resulting in severe damage or complete failure of your transmission system. A common issue associated with the torque converter is damaged or worn-out needle bearings. If the needle bearings overheat, they can become damaged, and you'll start hearing strange noises from your transmission while driving. You won't hear any sound when the car is in neutral, but as soon as you shift into gear, you will hear brushing or grinding sounds.
The clutch is located in the torque converter and may occasionally get jammed. When the clutch jams, your solenoid can lock, and the amount of transmission fluid in the torque converter may not be calculated right. Clutch problems in the torque converter can fool the untrained eye because the problems resemble those related to low fluid levels, so it's always best to have your vehicle checked out by a professional. More prominent clutch problems will be associated with violent shaking and sharp drops in power output from your car.
When it comes to keeping your transmission maintained and repaired as needed, it's always best to let a certified auto technician check everything out. The last thing you need is to get stranded somewhere when you thought you were just a little low on fluid, and it turns out to be your clutch instead.